Anna Waterman Headshot

Natural and Applied Sciences

Anna Waterman

Associate Professor of Biology

Education

  • PhD University of Iowa
  • MA University of Iowa
  • BA University of Iowa

About

Associate Professor of Biology Anna Waterman, Ph.D., joined Mount Mercy’s Department of Natural and Applied Sciences in fall 2012.

Prior to coming to Mount Mercy Waterman taught as an adjunct professor at Kirkwood Community College in Cedar Rapids and Black Hawk College in Moline, Ill. She has also been an instructor and postdoctoral researcher at The University of Iowa.

Waterman holds Bachelor's, Master’s and Doctoral degrees in Anthropology from the University of Iowa and has been the recipient of several grants and awards, including the Archaeological Institute of America’s Archaeology of Portugal Fellowship, The University of Iowa’s Ballard Seashore Dissertation Fellowship and The University of Iowa’s T. Anne Cleary International Dissertation Fellowship. 

Waterman’s areas of interest include skeletal biology, bioarchaeology, mortuary archaeology, dental anthropology, health status and human diet, paleopathology and stable isotope analyses. From 2008-2012 she served as a biological anthropologist for the excavations and skeletal analysis of the Late Neolithic burial site of Bolores (Torres Vedras, Portugal) through the University of Iowa and for her dissertation conducted a large study of health, dietary and mobility patterns in Late Neolithic burial populations in the Portuguese Estremadura.

Waterman is currently involved in several collaborative research projects with archaeologists and biological anthropologists in Europe and the United States focused on using bioavailable strontium isotope ratios to identify human migration patterns in the Late Prehistory of Spain and Portugal. 

Additional Information

2021

(Under review) Waterman, A.J., B.S. Kendall, C. E. Haury-Artz, A. D. Somerville D. W. Peate. Stable and radiogenic isotope analysis of faunal remains from a western Iowa Oneota Complex site: an investigation of diet and mobility variation in the Late Prehistoric period of the upper Midwest. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology.

2019

Wright. E.  A.J. Waterman, D.W. Peate, M. Kunst, J. L. Cardoso, and C. Detry. Animal mobility in Chalcolithic Portugal: Isotopic analyses of cattle from the sites of Zambujal and Leceia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 24:804-81.

Olalde, I., et al. including A.J. Waterman.  The genetic history of the Iberian Peninsula over the last 8000 years. Science. 363 (6432) pp. 1230-1234.

2017

Waterman, A.J., J. L. Beck, J. T. Thomas, R. H. Tykot. Stable isotope analysis of human remains from Los Millares (Almería, Spain, c. 2500-1800 bc): regional comparisons and dietary variability. Menga. Journal of Andalusian Prehistory, 8. 

Szécsényi-Nagy, et al. including A.J. Waterman.  The maternal genetic make-up of the Iberian Peninsula between the Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age. Scientific reports 7 (1): 15644. 

Díaz-del-Río, P., A.J. Waterman, J. T. Thomas, D. W. Peate, R. H. Tykot, M. I. Martínez Navarrete, J. M. Vicent.  Diet change and mobility patterns in the Late Prehistory of Central Iberia (4000-1400 cal BC). The evidence of radiogenic (87Sr/86Sr) and stable (δ18O, δ13C) isotope ratios. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. 9 (7):1439-1452. 

Díaz-del-Río, P., S. Consuegra, J Audije, S. Zapata, Ó. Cambra, A. González, A.J.  Waterman, J. T. Thomas, D. Peate, C. Odriozola, R.Villalobos, P. Bueno, R. H. Tykot. 

El Rebollosillo (Torrelaguna, Madrid): un enterramiento colectivo en cueva del tercer milenio AC en el centro de la Península Ibérica. (El Rebollosillo ((Torrelaguna, Madrid): a third millennium BC collective burial cave in central Iberia.) Trabajos de Prehistoria. 

Irish, J.D., Lillios, K.T., A.J. Waterman and A.M. Silva. Other” possibilities? Assessing regional and extra-regional dental affinities of populations in the Portuguese Estremadura to explore the roots of Iberia’s Late Neolithic-Copper Age.  Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 11: 224-236.

2016

Balsera, Verónica, P. Díaz del Río, M. Díaz-Zorita, H. Bocherens, A.J. WatermanJ. T. Thomas, D. W. Peate, I. Martínez Navarrete. El Acequión: paleodieta y movilidad humana dureante la Edad del Bronce en La Mancha. Actas de la I Reunión Científica de Arqueología de Albacete: Blanca Gamo Parras, Rubí Sanz Gamo (eds). Albacete: Instituto de Estudios Albacetenses. 331-343. 

Waterman, A.J., K.T Lillios, R.H. Tykot and M. Kunst. Ecological Change and Economic Practices Between the Third and Second Millennia BC Using Isotope Analyses of Ovicaprid Remains from the Archaeological Site of Zambujal (Torres Vedras), Portugal. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 5:181-189.

Waterman, A.J., R.H. Tykot and A.M. Silva. Stable Isotope Analysis of Diet-based Social Differentiation at Late Prehistoric Collective Burials in Southwestern Portugal. Archaeometry. 58(1):131–151.

2015

Lillios KT, A.J. Waterman, J. Mack J.A.Artz, Nilsson-Stutz L. In Praise of Small Things: Death and Life at the Late Neolithic-Bronze Age Burial of Bolores (Torres Vedras, Portugal). BAR International Series: Oxford

Mack, J., A.J Waterman, A-M Racila, J.A. Artz and K.T. LilliosApplying Zooarchaeological Methods to Interpret Mortuary Behavior and Taphonomy in Commingled Burials: The Case Study of the Late Neolithic Site of Bolores, Portugal. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. 26 (3):524–536. 

2014

Lillios, K.T, J.A. Artz, A.J. WatermanJ. Mack, J. T. Thomas, L. Trindade, and I. Luna. The Rock-Cut Tomb of Bolores (Torres Vedras): An Interdisciplinary Approach to Understanding the Social Landscape of the Late Neolithic of the Iberian Peninsula. Trabajos de Prehistoria 71(2): 282-306

Kunst, M, J. L. Cardoso and A.J. Waterman. Human Bones from Chalcolithic Walled Enclosures of Portuguese Estremadura: examples of Zambujal and Leceia. In: Recent Pre-historic Enclosures and Funerary Practices Recent Prehistoric Enclosures and Funerary Practices in Europe: Proceedings of the International Meeting Held at the Gulbenkian Foundation (Lisbon, Portugal November 2012). Edited by António Valera. BAR International Series 2 627: 83-98.  

Horwath, B, A.J. Waterman, K. T. Lillios, and J. Irish. Assessing Change in Diet and Biological Affinity between the 4th and 3rd Millennia BCE in the Portuguese Estremadura Through Microwear and Dental Morphology: A Preliminary Comparison of Feteira II and Bolores. Homo- Journal of Comparative Human Biology. 65(2):87–100

Waterman, A.J.,  A.M. Silva and R.H. Tykot. Stable Isotopic Indicators of Diet from Two Late Prehistoric Burial Sites in Portugal: An Investigation of Dietary Evidence of Social Differentiation. Open Journal of Archaeometry. 2:22-27. 

Waterman, A.J.,  D.W. Peate, A.M. Silva and J.T. Thomas. In Search of Homelands: Using Strontium Isotopes to Identify Biological Markers of Mobility in Late Prehistoric Portugal.  Journal of Archaeological Science. 42C:119-127. 

2013

Waterman, A.J., A. Figueiredo, J.T. Thomas, and D.W. Peate. Identifying migrants in the Late Neolithic burials of the Antas of Rego da Murta (Alvaiázere, Portugal) using strontium isotopes. Antrope. 0:190–196. 

Thomas, J.T. and A.J. Waterman. Down the Rabbit Hole: The Significance of Late Neolithic Lagomorph Figurines in Anthropological Perspective. Archaeological Review from Cambridge. 28 (2): 113-131. 

2011

Waterman, A.J. and J.T. Thomas. When the Bough Breaks: Childhood Mortality and Burial Practice in Late Neolithic Iberia. Oxford Journal of Archaeology. 30(2):165-183. 

Lillios, K.T., A.J. Waterman, J.A. Artz, and R.L. Josephs. The Neolithic-Early Bronze Age Mortuary Rockshelter of Bolóres, Torres Vedras, Portugal: Preliminary Results from the 2007 and 2008 Excavations. Journal of Field Archaeology. 5(1):19-39. 

2010

Thomas, J.T., and A.J. Waterman. You Say You Want a Revolution: A Brief History of Archaeological Revolutions.  SAA Archaeological Record, 10(3):34-37. 

2009

Diaz-Zorita Bonilla, M., A.J. Waterman, and K.J. Knudson. Explorando La Movilidad y Los Patrones Dietarios Durante la Edad del Cobre en el Suroeste de la Península Ibérica: Estudio Preliminar Bioarqueológico del Tholos de Palacio III (Almadén de la Plata, Sevilla) (Exploring Mobility and Dietary patterns in the Copper Age of the Iberian South-West: A Preliminary Bioarchaeological Study of the Palacio III Tholos Tomb (Almadén de la Plata, Sevilla, Spain). Actas del IX Congreso Nacional de Paleopatología. Morella (Els Ports, Castelló). 25-28 de Septiembre de 2007. 2007. Edited by M.Polo Cerdá and E.Garcia Prosper, 669-674.

2021

Waterman, A.J., A. Figueiredo, J. T. Thomas, R.H. Tykot and D.W. Peate. Isotopic evidence of diet and mobility from the Chalcolithic burials of the Antas of Rego da Murta (Alvaiázere, Portugal). Paper presented at the Archaeological Heritage from Prehistory to the Classic Period, in the municipality of Alvaiázere Seminar. January 22, 2021. 

2019

Waterman, A.J., R.H. Tykot and D.W. Peate. Finding Biological Markers of Mobility in Late Prehistoric Portugal and Spain: A Stable and Radiogenic Isotope Approach. Poster presented at the 88nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Cleveland, OH. March 27-30, 2019. 

2018

Waterman, A.J., E. Wright, P. Díaz-del-Río, D.W. Peate and R.H. Tykot, Mapping Human Mobility in Late Prehistoric Portugal and Spain using Strontium and Oxygen Isotopes. Poster presented at the 42nd International Symposium on Archaeometry, Merida, Mexico. May 20-26, 2018. 
  
Waterman, A.J., M. Díaz-Zorita Bonilla, and R.H. Tykot Stable Isotope Analyses of Skeletal Remains from the Copper Age burials at Valencina-Castilleja (Seville): Dietary Patterns and Regional Comparisons. Poster presented at the 87nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Austin, Tx. April 11-14, 2018. 
 
Wright. E.  A.J. Waterman, M. Kunst, J. L. Cardoso, R.H. Tykot and D.W. Peate. Identifying animal mobility in Chalcolithic Portugal: Isotopic analyses of cattle from the sites of Zambujal and Leceia. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, Boston, MA, January 4–7, 2018. 

2017

Wright. E.  A.J. Waterman, M. Kunst, J. L. Cardoso, R.H. Tykot and D.W. Peate. New insights into animal mobility in Chalcolithic Portugal: Results of strontium isotope analysis on cattle from the Zambujal and Leceia. Paper presented at the European Association of Archaeologists, Maastricht, Netherlands Sept, 2017. 
 
Marsh, H. E., A. J. Waterman, and R.H. Tykot. Using stable isotopes to assess dietary variation in Late Middle Woodland settlements in the Central United States: Evidence from human burials at Monkey Mountain (23JO14) Warrensburg, Missouri. Poster presented at the 86nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, New Orleans, La. April 19-23, 2017. 
 
Waterman, A. J., E. Wright, M. Kunst, J. L. Cardoso, and D.W. Peate. From whence they came: Identifying natal landscapes using strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr) signatures in late prehistoric southwestern Portugal. Poster presented at the 86nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, New Orleans, La. April 19-23, 2017. 
 
Wright. E.  A.J. Waterman, M. Kunst, J. L. Cardoso, R.H. Tykot and D.W. Peate. Isotopic analyses of cattle from Zambujal and Leceia: New insights into animal husbandry practices in Chalcolithic Portugal. Paper presented at the Iberian Zooarchaeology Meeting, University of Algarve, Faro, Portugal, 26-29 April, 2017. 

2016

Irish, J.D., Lillios, K.T., A.J. Waterman and A.M. Silva. Regional and extra-regional dental affinities of populations between the Late Neolithic and Copper Age in the Portuguese Estremadura.  Paper presented at the 6th Annual meeting of European Society for the study of Human Evolution, Madrid, Spain. 2016. 
 
Lillios, K.T., J.D Irish, A.J. Waterman and A.M. Silva. Regional and extra-regional dental affinities of populations between the Late Neolithic and Copper Age in the Portuguese Estremadura. Paper presented at the 85nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Atlanta, Ga. April 12-16, 2016. 
 
Lillios, K.T., J.D Irish, A.J. Waterman and A.M. Silva. Demographic and cultural dynamics of the Portuguese Estremadura in the 4th-3rd millennia BC: a multi-proxy approach. Poster presented at the 81nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. April 6-10, 2016. 
 
Waterman, A.J., P. Díaz-del-Río, and R.H. Tykot. Evidence of C4 plant intake and dietary heterogeneity in Late Prehistoric burial populations of Spain and Portugal. Poster presented at the 85nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Atlanta, Ga. April 12-16, 2016. 

2015

Díaz-del-Río, P. and A.JWaterman. Dieta y movilidad humana durante la prehistoria reciente de la meseta. Paper presented at the Key Resources and Socio-Cultural Developments in the Iberian Chalcolithic Workshop at the German Archaeological Institute in Madrid and the University of Alcalá de Henares. Madrid, Spain. April 9-10 2015. 
 
Waterman, A.J., J.T. Thomas, and D.W. Peate. Mapping Migration: Tracing Ancient Human Mobility via Local Bioavailable Strontium Isotope (87Sr/86Sr) Signatures in the Iberian Peninsula. Poster presented at the 84nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St. Louis, MO. March 25-29, 2015. 
 
Waterman, A.J., J.T. Thomas, J.G. Enloe, and D.W. Peate. The influence of prey availability on ice age hunting strategies: Tracing Magdalenian reindeer migratory patterns using strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr) analysis of reindeer teeth from Verberie (Oise, France). Poster presented at the 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, CA. April 15-19, 2015.  
 
Balsera, V., P. Díaz-del-Río, A.J. Waterman, M. Díaz-Zorita, H. Bocherens, J. Thomas, D. Peate, I. Martínez Navarrete, A. Gilman, C. Martín. El poblado de El Acequión: nuevos datos sobre la paleodieta y la movilidad humana durante la Edad del Bronce. Paper presented at the Reunion científica de Arqueología de Albacete. Albacete, Spain. January 22-24 2015. 

2014

Lillios, K.T., J. Mack, J.A. Artz , A.J. Waterman, and L. Nilsson Stutz. Biographies, Practices, and Social Change: Multiscalar Research at the Late Neolithic- Early Bronze Age Collective Burial of Bolores. Paper to be presented at 20th Annual Meeting of European Association of Archaeologists, Istanbul, Turkey. September 10-14, 2014.  
 
Díaz-del-Río, P., S Consuegra, J. Audije, S. Zapata, Ó. Cambra, A. González, A.J. Waterman, J.T. Thomas, D. Peate. The collective burial cave of El Rebollosillo (Torrelaguna, Madrid) and the role of dead bodies in Late Copper Age Iberia. Paper to be presented at the 17th congress of the Union Internationale des Sciences Préhistoriques et Protohistoriques (UISPP), Burgos, Spain. September 1-7, 2014.  
 
Waterman, A.J., R.H. Tykot, and A. Figueiredo. A Stable Isotopic Analysis of Dietary Patterns in Individuals Interred in the Late Neolithic/Copper Age Burials of Anta da Rego da Murta I and II (Alvaiázere, Portugal): Preliminary Results. Poster presented at the International Symposium on Archaeometry, Los Angeles, CA. May 19-23, 2014. 

Waterman, A.J., R.H. Tykot, J.T. Thomas, D.W. Peate and K.T. Lillios. An investigation of human dietary and mobility patterns at the late Neolithic burials of Bolores (Torres Vedras, Portugal) using isotopic analyses. Poster presentation at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, Texas. April 23-26, 2014.  
 
Mack, J., K.T. Lillios, A.J Waterman, J.A. Artz, and A-M Racila. Osteological Landmark Quantification and the Taphonomy of the Late Neolithic Rock-Cut Tomb of Bolores, Portugal. Paper presented at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, Texas. April 23-26, 2014.  
 
Waterman, A.J.,  J.T. Thomas, P. Díaz-del-Río, S. Consuegra, A. Pérez-Villa, D.W. Peate. An investigation of mobility patterns in the late prehistoric communities of central Spain (Madrid) using 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratios. Poster presented at the 83nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. April 8-12, 2014.

2013

Waterman, A.J., and J.T. Thomas. People, Places, and Things:  Life and Death in the Late Neolithic of Portugal. Poster presented at the 112nd Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago IL. November 20-24, 2013.  
 
Waterman, A.J., A. Figueiredo, J.T. Thomas, and D.W. Peate. Strontium Isotope Identification of Migrants in the Collective Burials at the Late Neolithic Rego da Murta Dolmens (Alvaiázere, Portugal). Paper presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Knoxville, TN. April 9-13, 2013. 

2012

Kunst, M, J. L. Cardoso and A.J. Waterman. Human Bones from Chalcolithic Walled Enclosures of Portuguese Estremadura: examples of Zambujal and Leceia. Paper presented at the International meeting of recent pre-historic enclosures and funerary practices (organized by António Valera and ERA-Arqueologia), Lisboa, Portugal. November 6-8, 2012.  
 
Waterman, A.J., A. Figueiredo, J.T. Thomas, and D.W. Peate. Identifying migrants in the Late Neolithic burials of the Antas of Rego da Murta (Alvaiázere, Portugal) using Strontium Isotopes. Paper presented at Jornadas Internacionais does Património, Alvaiázere, Portugal. May 18-19, 2012.  
 
Waterman, A.J., M. Díaz-Zorita Bonilla, D.W. Peate and K.J. Knudson. At Home or Abroad: An Investigation of Human Migration Patterns in Copper Age Spain using Strontium Isotopes. Poster presented at the 77th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Memphis, Tennessee. April 18-22, 2012.  
 
Díaz-Zorita Bonilla, M., Waterman, A.J., and D.W. Peate.  El origen y la movilidad de las poblaciones de la edad del cobre y bronce en el sur peninsular a través de los análisis de isótopos estables de 87/86Sr y 18O. Paper presented at the II Congreso de Prehistoria de Andalucía, Antequera, Spain. February 15 – 17, 2012. 

2011

Waterman, A.J., A.M. Silva and D.W. Peate. In Search of Homelands: Using Strontium Isotopes to Identify Biological Markers of Mobility in Late Prehistoric Portugal. Poster presented at the 76th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Sacramento, California, March 30 – April 3, 2011.  
 
Waterman, A.J.,  M. Kunst, R.H. Tykot and A.M. Silva. Stable Isotope Analysis of Human and Animal Remains from Zambujal (Torres Vedras, Portugal): An Investigation of Human and Animal Dietary Diversity in Late Prehistoric Portugal. Poster presented at the 112th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, San Antonio, Texas, January 6 – 9, 2011. 

2010

Waterman, A.J.,  A.M. Silva and R.H. Tykot. Stable Isotopic Indicators of Diet from Two Late Prehistoric Burial Sites in Portugal: An Investigation of Dietary Evidence of Social Differentiation. Poster presented at the 38th International Symposium on Archeometry, Tampa, Florida, May 10-14, 2010.

Waterman, A.J., and R.H. Tykot. Evidence of Dietary Variability and Breadth at Los Millares (Almeria, Spain) (c.2700-1900 BC) Based on Stable Isotope Analysis of Human Remains.  Poster presented at the 75nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, St. Louis, Missouri, April 14 - 18, 2010. 

2009

Waterman, A.J. and J.C. Willman. Demographic and Health Status Patterns from the Late Neolithic Collective Burials of Bolores (Torres Vedras), Portugal: Methodological Considerations and Results. Paper presented at the 74nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Atlanta, Georgia. April 22 - 26, 2009.

Waterman, A.J. and B.C. Horwath. Dental Attrition Patterns in Two Late Prehistoric Skeletal Collections from the Estremadura region of Portugal: Comparisons and Results. Poster presented at the 78th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Chicago, Illinois, March 31-April 4, 2009.

2008

Waterman, A.J., J.C. Willman, and K.T. Lillios. The Late Neolithic Collective Burial of Bolores (Torres Vedras), Portugal: Preliminary Results.  Poster Presentation, the 77th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Columbus, Ohio, April 7-13, 2008. 

Waterman, A.J., J.C. Willman, and K.T. Lillios. The Late Neolithic Collective Burial of Bolores (Torres Vedras), Portugal: Preliminary Results. Poster Presentation, the 73nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, BC. Canada. March 26 - March 30, 2008. 

2007

Díaz-Zorita Bonilla, M, A.J. Waterman, and K.J. Knudson. Explorando la movilidad y los patrones dietarios en una Comunidad de la Edad del Cobre: Análisis Preliminar Bioarqueológico del Tholos de Palacio III (Almadén de la Plata, Sevilla). Poster Presentation at the XI Congreso Nacional De Paleopathologia, Morella, Spain, September 26-29, 2007. 

Waterman, A.J. Social Complexity and Community Health Status in Late Neolithic Portugal. Paper presentation at the 72nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, Texas, April 25 - 29, 2007.  

Waterman, A.J. Health Status in Prehistoric Portugal: Dental Pathology and Childhood Mortality Patterns from the Late Neolithic burials of Feteira (Lourinhã). Poster Presentation, the 76th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 27- April 1, 2007.