The sources that follow are scholarly, synthesized sources--they contain expert information brought together and arranged in various ways. 

The following bibliographies are not comprehensive in each subject area. They have been selected because of their general applicability to the subject, for their broad applications to the subject matter, and for use of their call numbers to browse other pertinent titles located nearby. Titles may be found repeated in different menus due to their usefulness in many areas.

Dictionaries, Encyclopedias
These sources are grouped together because they present expert information in similar fashions: both list terms alphabetically with varying lengths of description about the terms, their meanings, and their applications. As is the case with many synthesized sources, publishers use the terms interchangeably which can be confusing.

Bibliographies, Sourcebooks
These sources are often descriptive and/or critical lists of writings relating to specific subjects, terms, or authors. Bibliographies can also be found at the ends of journal articles and books to give reference to other works of similar subject matter. In a subject area, these lists can show what has been published that is not available for searching in a periodical index. Also, since these print tools cite many types of sources, they are more comprehensive than electronic indexes that use just one source for their information.

Handbooks, Manuals, Guides, Directories
Known as fact sources, these types of sources are usually self-contained information about a specific area with a subject. They are quick reference tools for factual material. Once again, keep in mind that publishers often use these names interchangeably.

Periodical indexes are systematic lists that help you to identify and trace materials in journals, magazines and newspapers. They are available in both print and electronic formats, each of which is useful for its specific strengths. Electronic periodical indexes and other databases may be accessed from on campus computers.

One of the most important ways to stay abreast of information in one's field is to browse the published literature regularly.